This week in the Back Room: The upside of a down market, a brazen art theft on the Lower East Side, a work from Picasso’s “annus mirabilis,” and much more—all in a 7-minute read (1,928 words).
Top of the Market
After more than a year of being stalked by talk of recession, the art market finally evidenced an unmistakable correction this May with the disappointing results of New York’s marquee auctions—the hair-raising Gerald Fineberg auction at Christie’s serving as a particularly shrill canary in the coal mine. However, once the shock wore off and the handwringing began, it became clear that the punctured appetite across much of the art market has a bright side for some: bargains.
For the cover story of the midyear issue of Artnet’s Intelligence Report, our own Katya Kazakina dove into the messy state of the market right now, teasing out some indication of what buyers and sellers can expect in the season ahead, as well as ways the savvy can benefit from the downturn.
(If you need a reminder how bargain-hunting in the art market works, just recall Eli Broad, who rode the early-1990s recession to become art collecting royalty.)
How much did the market decline, exactly? Powered by Artnet’s Price Database, the report serves up a feast of bracing numbers that reveal the business was in a slump before the Fineberg sale. For instance, global auction sales from January 1 through May 20 declined about 14 percent year over year, to just under $5 billion (compared to the $5.8 billion peak of 2022).
To be sure, macroeconomic headwinds—the war in Ukraine, rising interest rates, inflation, and the hassles and costs of Brexit for some market participants—helped drive prices down. But other forces, many particular to the art market, also played a role.
Unlike in sectors from corporate lending to commercial real estate, highly leveraged buying is relatively new to the art market, or at least has only in recent years become broadly available. That means transactions were greased by cheap money, spoiling buyers who began viewing big-ticket purchases as impulse buys. With interest rates rising, that math no longer holds.
The lack of supply is also a factor. Coming off a bulge year, sales of works priced at $10 million or more have contracted 51 percent in 2023—more than any other price bracket. That’s not a symptom of a lack of demand or a lack of supply, but rather of both, Artnet’s Intelligence Report suggests.
Lastly, don’t forget that the spring auction results would probably look even worse were it not for last-minute withdrawals. A new tactic—to further insulate secondary-market trading from transparency?– that’s emerged lately is late-in-the-game withdrawals, some as late as during the sale. To wit, just two withdrawn lots (a Yoshitomo Nara estimated at $12 million to $18 million and a Wade Guyton painting with a $1.2 million low estimate) accounted for almost one-third of Sotheby’s The Now sale in New York this spring.
The Bottom Line
So where is demand unassailable? According to the Fine Art Group, their clients are looking for classics and tried-and-true blue-chip fare as the market correction settles. Less compelling are speculative purchases, untested names, and “anything uncommercial.” In fact, the $184.2 million spent on ultra-contemporary art this year prior to May 20 marks a 25 percent decline from the same period in 2022.
As always, for those with cash on hand, the key to a smart purchase is the right artwork at the right price at the right time—and when the market drops, that’s often the right time. Asked what he made of the Fineberg sale, advisor Ben Godsill said: “I made out like a bandit.”
The latest Wet Paint tracks where artists from now-shuttered star-making gallery JTT are likely to land, and a flagrant bit of art thievery at Rachel Uffner Gallery.
Here’s what else made a mark around the industry since last Friday morning…
- Frieze is teaming up with the Paul Getty Museum for the launch of commissions tied to PST, the Southern California-wide arts extravaganza formerly known as Pacific Standard Time. The initiative kicks off at Frieze Seoul in September with a work by Korean collective ikkibawiKrr, and will extend through September 2024.
- The online marketplace Showpiece is selling shares of Banksy’s for £120 a pop, an ironic end for the domestic violence-themed artwork, which was painted on a wall in Margate for free and public viewing. A total of 27,000 shares will released in a series of drops beginning on August 22. (
- Sotheby’s and Christie’s are duking it out to land the estate of Emily Fisher Landau, the veteran Whitney trustee and art collector who died in March at 102. The collection could fetch between $375 million and a staggering $500 million, with the star lot expected to be Picasso’s ), from the artist’s key year of 1932. ()
- Sotheby’s profits in the U.K. fell 24 percent last year, public filings reveal. The drop is attributable to the higher cost of doing business due to Brexit. (Artnet News)
- After nearly 30 years, gallerist Jeff Poe is stepping back from the eponymous gallery he founded with Tim Blum in L.A. and expanded to New York and Tokyo. Blum will continue to helm the gallery with managing partner Matt Bangser. (Artnet News)
- Mexican transdisciplinary artist Laura Anderson Barbatahas joined the stable at New York’s Marlborough Gallery, where her first solo exhibition, “Singing Leaf,” opens on September 9 at the West 25th Street location. ()
- Veteran museum leader James S. Snyder will succeed Claudia Gould as the director of the Jewish Museum in New York. He spent more than 40 years at MoMA and the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, and is the executive chairman of the Jerusalem Foundation. Meanwhile, in Chicago, the Richard H. Driehaus Museum announced Lisa M. Key as its new executive director. ()
- Unionized employees at the Art Institute of Chicago and the School of the Art Institute of Chicago have ratified their first contract after more than a year of negotiations. More than 500 workers will get raises between 12 and 15 percent, and the minumum wage is immediately raised to $17 an hour. (Artnet News)
- Ahead of the 2024 Venice Biennale, Turkish curator Esra Sarigedik Öktem has stepped down as curator of Turkey’s pavilion in protest of the Istanbul Biennial’s decision to appoint Iwona Blazwick as curator of the forthcoming 18th edition. For the first time in 20 years, New Zealand will not participate in the so-called “Olympics of the art world,” citing inadequate resources to support its national pavilion. And political turmoil in Niger is prompting concerns about its presentation. (Artnet News; Artnet News;
- The International Slavery Museum in Liverpool is the latest institution to cut ties with disgraced architect David Adjaye, though the institution will forge ahead constructing the $72 million redevelopment project based on Adjaye’s designs. (Artnet News)
Tech and Legal News
- The Orlando Museum of Art (OMA) is suing its former director Aaron De Groft in the wake of a devastating scandal that saw the FBI raid its galleries, confiscating 25 purported Jean-Michel Basquiat paintings later proven to be forgeries. (Artnet News)
- Former curator Rachel Parikh has filed a lawsuit against the Worcester Art Museum in Massachusetts, citing a “hostile and offensive work environment.” (Artnet News)
- Sotheby’s has been named in an ongoing lawsuit by a cohort of collectors alleging “misleading” marketing of Bored Ape Yacht Club NFTs sold at the height of NFT fever in 2021. (Artnet News)
“Think about the impact that YouTube had on a generation of viewers—it completely changed the business. I think we are seeing the beginning of something similar here. The volume of work we will be exposed to is just exploding.”
—Chris Jacquemin, partner and head of digital strategy at William Morris Endeavor, to Artnet News
Work of the Week
Seller: Emily Fisher Landau estate
Sale date: TBD, most likely November 2023
Given the art market’s contraction, the stakes could not be higher for the estate of art patron Emily Fisher Landau, who died at 102 earlier this year. Sotheby’s and Christie’s are pitching for the collection, which is estimated at as much as $500 million, according to people familiar with the trove.
The star lot of the group is Pablo Picasso’s , a 1932 portrait of the artist’s young lover Marie-Therese Walter. The year is considered Picasso’s “annus mirabilis,” and even inspired a 2018 show at London’s Tate Modern.
How much could be worth?
“Any of those major 1932 Picassos, they all are between $100 million and $200 million,” said Bill Acquavella, whose gallery staged an exhibition in 2008 devoted to Picasso’s works from that year. It included the famous 1932 masterpiece, which became infamous after a certain “elbow” accident by casino magnate Steve Wynn. (Wynn sold the painting for $150 million to hedge fund manager Steve Cohen).
Acquavella saw “in the flesh,” to use the art world parlance, last year when it was part of “A Remarkable Gathering: The Fisher Landau Family Collection” at the Norton Museum of Art in Palm Beach, Florida.
“It’s a very good one,” he said. “It appeared to be in good condition.”
Two top advisors pegged the ideal estimate for the work at $80 million to $120 million; word is the Landau family is aiming for $150 million.
A Christie’s representative declined to comment. Sotheby’s did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
It’s been 13 years since a great 1932 Picasso came to auction. In 2010, a large-scale painting, from the collection of Los Angeles patrons Sydney and Frances Brody fetched $106 million, a record at the time.
Two other works from that year came to the auction block in recent years, with selling for $67.5 million at Sotheby’s New York in 2022, and fetching $103.4 million at Christie’s New York in 2021.
Thanks for joining us in the Back Room. See you next Friday.
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